Vikings used many methods of navigation – ocean conditions, wind, landmarks, the stars, the presence or absence of certain animals of water and sky that indicate distance from land.
They also had a computing device that helped and that may have includes using crystals in a very advanced.
Vikings were not barbarians, they were raiders – don’t get me wrong, Vikings saved women and valuables from burning buildings when their own men had suddenly died after all.
It was a summer job to get the men out from underfoot while the women ran things and the men ran around.
there are also several reports in Nordic sagas and other sources of a sólarsteinn “sunstone”. The literature doesn’t say what this was used for but it has sparked decades of research examining if this might be a reference to a more intriguing form of navigational tool.
The idea is that the Vikings may have used the interaction of sunlight with particular types of crystal to create a navigational aid that may even have worked in overcast conditions. This would mean the Vikings had discovered the basic principles of measuring polarised light centuries before they were explained scientifically and which are today used to identify and measure different chemicals.
Scientists are now getting closer to establishing if this form of navigation would have been possible, or if it is just a fanciful theory.
Other important Explorations routes that brought cultures together towards create this: the Actual Common Era of global contact:
The Roman Empire got too big and split from Rome, east to Constantinople, by way of Britannia. The Visigoths were one of the groups crossing Roman borders and marching down their roads to sack their cities, while the Vikings were … Continue reading
1973: Iceland – a fissure opens up and magma and ash force an evacuation on the fishing vessels – and Iceland gains new land. However, the valuable natural harbour is about to be closed in by the magma flows. A … Continue reading
The conversion of Vikings to Christendom was a very difference experience than most others who came under the heel of missionaries. Vikings could not be intimidated by swords so they were actually bribed to convert. So, they converted often for … Continue reading
I have a joke about how the world feared Viking fighters without realizing that it was a summer job to keep the men out from underfoot of the women. Recent reviews of Viking graves show that a good portion … Continue reading
Update: its a hoax… http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/876889-viking-ship-discovered-near-mississippi-river-in-memphis-tennessee-is-fake/ I spent a week in Ottawa Ontario Canada, including doing the touristy thing of visiting the parliament building around 2004. The tour guide pointed out in the entry room the Viking head … Continue reading
Vikings did not get this far…
a movie based on a comic book based on literature and sagas and legends eye candy and that was all: the truer to the saga one a Canada-Iceland co-production by Sturla Gunnarson a distant cousin of mine Facebook bonus: … Continue reading
recently said to me, by a writer pal (and kinsman): Jonas Knutsson: You know, your father came from a strange little island that has three months of maniacal white nights and three to four months of pitch darkness. You have … Continue reading
in 2004, I had to explain to the tour guide at the Ottawa Canada Parliament Buildings that the Viking head in the ceiling might have been a guess at the time the building was constructed
but Viking settlements had been uncovered and examined by archaeologists since the 1970s and she had no excuse to not be aware of that part of Canada’s history – by the time she went to school, it should have been added to the Canada history, unlike when I went to school, graduating in 1986 and being told Vikings only ended civilizations, as if that wasn’t what all colonizer empires or empire wannabes did, eh.